Notes on the dating of the homeric poems
The Greeks attributed both of the epics to the same man, and we have little hard evidence that would make us doubt the ancient authorities, but uncertainty is a constant feature of scholarly work dealing with Homer's era of Greek history. We do not even know the century in which he lived, and it is difficult to say with absolute certainty that the same poet composed both works.many scholars pay lip-service to the theory of oral composition and transmission for the purposes of literary analysis and criticism, but then when they look at the Homeric textual evidence they tend to treat it in much the same way as they would that of Apollonius Rhodius or some other poet who wrote.
I offer this typical quotation from Parry: No singer ever tells the same tale twice in the same words.It follows Agamemnon, King of Mycenae and his army of Achean (Greek) soldiers including Odysseus and the famed Achilles.Together they attack Troy, ruled by King Priam and his sons Hector and Paris.In his Introduction, Lowenstam makes it clear that As Witnessed by Images does not follow prevailing methodological paradigms, which he groups roughly into two categories.
Philologically based paradigm 1 gives primacy to the Homeric poems by focusing on similarities between visual art and presentations of similar scenes in the Iliad and Odyssey as they have come down to us.
While the war is started by the abduction of Helen from her husband Menelaus, King of Sparta and brother of Agamemnon by the beautiful Paris, Prince of Troy, it quickly spirals into a battle of wits and strength that pits Acheans against Trojans and Greek God against Greek God.